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Definition of Information Technology

is a study of the design, implementation, development, support or management of computer-based information systems, especially in hardware (hardware) and software (computer software) applications. Simply, are facilities that consist of hardware and software to support and improve the quality of information for every layer of society quickly and in quality.


Definition of Information Technology (IT) According to Experts
• Haag and Keen (1996): Understanding information technology according to Haag and Keen that information technology is a set of tools that help you work with information and perform tasks related to information processing.
• Oxford English Dictionary (OED): Understanding information technology according to the Oxford English Dictionary is hardware and software and can include networks and telecommunications which are usually business or business contexts.
• Williams and Sawyer (2003): According to Williams and Sawyer, the notion of information technology is a technology that combines computing (computers) with high-speed communication lines that carry data, sound, and video.
• Martin (1999): According to Martin that information technology is a technology that is not only on computer technology (hardware and software) that will be used to process and store information, but to identify communication technology to send or disseminate information.
Information Technology Function
Information Technology (IT) Function – There are six Information Technology functions, among others, as follows

1. Capture

2. Processing
Processing/processing input data received to become information. Processing or processing can be in the form of converting data to another form (conversion), condition analysis (analysis), calculation (calculation), merging (synthetic), all forms of data and information.

3. Produce (Generating)
Produce or organize information in a useful form. Examples are reports, graphs, tables and so on.

4. Store (Store)
Record or store data and information in a medium for other purposes. Examples are floppy disks, hard drives, tape, compact disks and so on.

5. Retrieving (Retrieval)
Searching for getting back information or copying data and information that has been stored, for example, a paid supplier, and so on.

6. Transmission (Transmission)
Send data and information from a location to another location through a computer network. For example, sending sales data to user A to other users, and so on.

Such is the information about the Definition of Information Technology, Objectives, Functions. Hopefully, friends can accept and benefit us all both the understanding of information technology, the purpose of information technology, the function of information technology, the history of the development of information technology, and the understanding of information technology according to experts. That is all and thank you. Greetings Share Friends… Read More


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Information Technology for Humans

History of Development

Information is one of the most important things that every living thing must have. Especially in humans, this information is very important to interact with humans. This information is an expression or stimulation from a human being to another human being so that human beings get a mutual response. Therefore, humans begin to think of tools to make it easier for them to communicate and interact with each other.

Early humans communicate through the language of images

In prehistoric times, humans already had a way to communicate with other humans. They use images of the form they want to inform other humans. In those days, humans were familiar with forms, which they then painted on cave or stone walls. Describing an information at that time is a good way of communicating because at that time the human language was only limited to hand signals or grunts.
Then in the era of the development of recorded history, humans developed forms of symbols and letters. Symbol development (pictograph) and letters (hieroglyph) can be found to date. The ancient Egyptians wrote their information in their magnificent buildings. In the picture-shaped writings, information is stored on the daily activities of Ancient Egyptians at that time.
Writing on stone or clay is then considered primitive when paper fibers are first discovered. The paper comes from papyrus tree fibers that are stronger and more flexible than rock or soil media. So the use of paper for media writing information develops very quickly. Until the 1800s, humans could create printing machines. This printing machine which later became the beginning of the revival of the world of modern information technology today.
The use of paper and printing machines as a tool to convey information is a sophisticated step in the world of information technology. Considering information technology in the conventional form as in antiquity is not efficient and effective. The striking difference between conventional information technology and the modern one is the use of electricity as a resource for the delivery of technology. In the conventional technology, more often use human hands. Whereas in modern technology, humans are facilitated by the presence of electricity as the power of presenting information.

The Role of Information Technology in Human Life

Information technology is now an important human need. Its role is increasingly important in line with the different fields of human work that are increasingly diverse. In the military field, in particular, the development of information technology is one step ahead of the education sector. This is because in the military field, information disseminated or conveyed is strategic information that can threaten the State if it is leaked to the enemy or opponent. The importance of the information conveyed makes the development of information technology in the military field require advanced technology and extra caution so that the information does not leak.

Rapid business development demands fast information delivery as well.
But in human life in general, information technology is used in other fields, such as education, … Read More


Computer Info Expertise

computer and technologyLaptop info know-how (CIT) is the use and research of computer systems, networks, laptop languages, and databases inside an organization to unravel real problems. Word:Candidates ought to have fundamental laptop abilities resembling keyboard proficiency, Web browsing and searching, and proficiency with an office software program suite (phrase processing, spreadsheets, etc.) prior to the beginning of the program.

To that finish, undergraduates in our Laptop, Software, and Electrical Engineering programs receive palms-on experience in world-class services starting in their very first semester and culminating in a multidisciplinary capstone project that assessments their expertise.

Laptop scientists are the electricians, plumbers, and set up specialists who put lights, working water, and home equipment in the house. Employment charges reported by NAIT alumni are for info purposes and don’t guarantee future employment opportunities. The Laptop Know-how program prepares college students for careers repairing and troubleshooting computer systems for companies and households around the world. There are also careers in synthetic intelligence, well being information techniques, information retrieval, laptop safety and cryptography, computer graphics, and human/pc interactions. Should be accomplished throughout the final 7 years previous to receiving the AAS diploma or certificates in Laptop Know-how. Laptop expertise is a broad subject that college students can gain entry to by attaining a bachelor’s diploma within the topic.

Introducing the underlying expertise of local area networks (LANs), wide space networks (WANs), and the Web, this course covers networking media, the Open System Interconnection (OSI) mannequin, transmission control protocol/Internet protocol (TCP/IP), an overview of routing and switching, and small network configuration and troubleshooting.

Based on the National Association of Faculties and Employers, among the 10 top-paying majors for 2013-14 were pc science, which ranked second at $sixty seven,300 annually, computer engineering fourth at $66,600, and electrical engineering seventh at $sixty two,300.… Read More


Electronics & Computer Technology Diploma On-line & Classroom

computer and technologyThe Bachelor of Science in Laptop Know-how degree is for the student whose major interest is in applying computing expertise to create real-world Data Expertise (IT) techniques. By combining these three fields, laptop engineers are able to remedy hardware issues and create state-of-the-artwork machines that can deal with the various duties computers perform. In the first yr of your BSc Honours diploma course in Computer and Community Know-how you’ll develop an understanding of relevant alternatives, learn how to exploit them and the related obligations. This system is composed of a Laptop Systems Technician Certificates, lasting 9 months, and a subsequent nine months for the Computer Techniques Technology Diploma. Laptop science college students will learn the basics of different programming languages, linear and discrete arithmetic, and software program design and growth. Combines idea with field expertise for college kids to realize enhancement of laptop skills via a pc-associated job experience.

Also newly upgraded in 2014, the Computer Safety and Forensics Lab – recognized informally as the Hacker Lab – allows students to learn expertise that embrace security breach prevention and detection and the best way to carry out a forensic examination of a computer system to establish hidden files and capture digital proof.

The information and abilities required to specify requirements, design systems utilizing standard subsystems, and commission and test laptop and network applied sciences are paramount in immediately’s job market. Some degree applications enable college students to choose a focus, like internet expertise and multimedia, database growth, or digital security. Students might be ready to switch to a bachelor of technology program at a senior colleges.

5 technical certificates accessible inside this diploma program: Data Technology Assist Specialist , Internet Improvement Specialist , Database Development Specialist , Computer Programming Specialist and Data Know-how Analysis College students may pursue the A.S. diploma and earn technical certificates while completing the necessities for the degree, or pursue one or more certificates to develop or upgrade their skills in a specific field.… Read More


Bachelor Of Science In Pc Engineering Expertise

computer and technologyAfrica presents a unique cultural climate for the introduction of laptop technology not solely because of its numerous population, diversified geography and multifaceted issues but in addition due to it singular challenges. Additionally, you will study basic technical ideas – including computer structure using packages particularly for games and PDA instruments to investigate digital subsystems; sound and picture conversion to digital type; the performance of RAM and Flash memory, magnetic and optical media; and data transmission networks.

Graduates of the Laptop Know-how Program will, by the time of graduation, have the next knowledge, skills, and appreciation of professional standards. Of their closing 12 months, students work in teams on sponsored real-world tasks to develop a comprehensive application as a part of the software engineering portion of this system. College students in bachelor’s diploma packages in laptop know-how discover working systems, networking, safety protocols and hardware.

The Computer Techniques Expertise program of examine is an interdisciplinary curriculum that provides a background in iterative venture administration, pc know-how, software program development, data management, and different trade-associated technologies.

So sophisticated, in reality, that there’s an entire profession devoted to understanding, managing, and serving to others to make use of computers and a variety of data methods. After graduation, students can apply for entry to Sheridan’s Bachelor of Utilized Data Sciences (BAISc) (Data Programs Safety) program after finishing a bridging program. The programs within the ECT associate diploma program span subjects related to laptop hardware and software program, programming, operating techniques and beyond.

The information and expertise required to specify necessities, design programs using commonplace subsystems, and commission and check pc and community technologies are paramount in at present’s job market. Some degree packages permit college students to choose a focus, like web technology and multimedia, database improvement, or digital safety. Students will be prepared to transfer to a bachelor of know-how program at a senior faculties.… Read More