Definition of Information Technology

is a study of the design, implementation, development, support or management of computer-based information systems, especially in hardware (hardware) and software (computer software) applications. Simply, are facilities that consist of hardware and software to support and improve the quality of information for every layer of society quickly and in quality.


Definition of Information Technology (IT) According to Experts
• Haag and Keen (1996): Understanding information technology according to Haag and Keen that information technology is a set of tools that help you work with information and perform tasks related to information processing.
• Oxford English Dictionary (OED): Understanding information technology according to the Oxford English Dictionary is hardware and software and can include networks and telecommunications which are usually business or business contexts.
• Williams and Sawyer (2003): According to Williams and Sawyer, the notion of information technology is a technology that combines computing (computers) with high-speed communication lines that carry data, sound, and video.
• Martin (1999): According to Martin that information technology is a technology that is not only on computer technology (hardware and software) that will be used to process and store information, but to identify communication technology to send or disseminate information.
Information Technology Function
Information Technology (IT) Function – There are six Information Technology functions, among others, as follows

1. Capture

2. Processing
Processing/processing input data received to become information. Processing or processing can be in the form of converting data to another form (conversion), condition analysis (analysis), calculation (calculation), merging (synthetic), all forms of data and information.

3. Produce (Generating)
Produce or organize information in a useful form. Examples are reports, graphs, tables and so on.

4. Store (Store)
Record or store data and information in a medium for other purposes. Examples are floppy disks, hard drives, tape, compact disks and so on.

5. Retrieving (Retrieval)
Searching for getting back information or copying data and information that has been stored, for example, a paid supplier, and so on.

6. Transmission (Transmission)
Send data and information from a location to another location through a computer network. For example, sending sales data to user A to other users, and so on.

Such is the information about the Definition of Information Technology, Objectives, Functions. Hopefully, friends can accept and benefit us all both the understanding of information technology, the purpose of information technology, the function of information technology, the history of the development of information technology, and the understanding of information technology according to experts. That is all and thank you. Greetings Share Friends… Read More


Information Technology for Humans

History of Development

Information is one of the most important things that every living thing must have. Especially in humans, this information is very important to interact with humans. This information is an expression or stimulation from a human being to another human being so that human beings get a mutual response. Therefore, humans begin to think of tools to make it easier for them to communicate and interact with each other.

Early humans communicate through the language of images

In prehistoric times, humans already had a way to communicate with other humans. They use images of the form they want to inform other humans. In those days, humans were familiar with forms, which they then painted on cave or stone walls. Describing an information at that time is a good way of communicating because at that time the human language was only limited to hand signals or grunts.
Then in the era of the development of recorded history, humans developed forms of symbols and letters. Symbol development (pictograph) and letters (hieroglyph) can be found to date. The ancient Egyptians wrote their information in their magnificent buildings. In the picture-shaped writings, information is stored on the daily activities of Ancient Egyptians at that time.
Writing on stone or clay is then considered primitive when paper fibers are first discovered. The paper comes from papyrus tree fibers that are stronger and more flexible than rock or soil media. So the use of paper for media writing information develops very quickly. Until the 1800s, humans could create printing machines. This printing machine which later became the beginning of the revival of the world of modern information technology today.
The use of paper and printing machines as a tool to convey information is a sophisticated step in the world of information technology. Considering information technology in the conventional form as in antiquity is not efficient and effective. The striking difference between conventional information technology and the modern one is the use of electricity as a resource for the delivery of technology. In the conventional technology, more often use human hands. Whereas in modern technology, humans are facilitated by the presence of electricity as the power of presenting information.

The Role of Information Technology in Human Life

Information technology is now an important human need. Its role is increasingly important in line with the different fields of human work that are increasingly diverse. In the military field, in particular, the development of information technology is one step ahead of the education sector. This is because in the military field, information disseminated or conveyed is strategic information that can threaten the State if it is leaked to the enemy or opponent. The importance of the information conveyed makes the development of information technology in the military field require advanced technology and extra caution so that the information does not leak.

Rapid business development demands fast information delivery as well.
But in human life in general, information technology is used in other fields, such as education, … Read More


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